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This is an example of how to use the Anasazi::BlockKrylovSchurSolMgr solver manager to solve a generalized eigenvalue problem, using Epetra data stuctures and the Belos solver package.

//  This example computes the eigenvalues of smallest magnitude of the 
//  discretized 2D Laplacian operator using the block Krylov-Schur method.  
//  This problem shows the construction of an inner-outer iteration using 
//  Belos as the linear solver within Anasazi.  An Ifpack preconditioner 
//  is constructed to precondition the linear solver.  This operator is 
//  discretized using linear finite elements and constructed as an Epetra 
//  matrix, then passed into the Belos solver to perform the shift-invert
//  operation to be used within the Krylov decomposition.  The specifics 
//  of the block Krylov-Schur method can be set by the user.

// Include autoconfigured header
#include "AnasaziConfigDefs.hpp"

// Include header for block Krylov-Schur solver
#include "AnasaziBlockKrylovSchurSolMgr.hpp"

// Include header to define basic eigenproblem Ax = \lambda*Bx
#include "AnasaziBasicEigenproblem.hpp"

// Include header to provide Anasazi with Epetra adapters
#include "AnasaziEpetraAdapter.hpp"

// Include header for Epetra compressed-row storage matrix and linear problem
#include "Epetra_CrsMatrix.h"
#include "Epetra_LinearProblem.h"
#include "Epetra_InvOperator.h"

// Include header for Belos solver and solver interface for Epetra_Operator
#include "BelosEpetraOperator.h"
#include "BelosEpetraAdapter.hpp"

// Include header for Ifpack preconditioner factory
#include "Ifpack.h"

// Include header for Teuchos serial dense matrix
#include "Teuchos_SerialDenseMatrix.hpp"

// Include header for the problem definition
#include "ModeLaplace2DQ2.h"

// Include selected communicator class and map required by Epetra objects
#include "Epetra_MpiComm.h"
#include "Epetra_SerialComm.h"
#include "Epetra_Map.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
  int i;

  // Initialize MPI
  Epetra_MpiComm Comm(MPI_COMM_WORLD);
  Epetra_SerialComm Comm;

  int MyPID = Comm.MyPID();

  // Number of dimension of the domain
  int space_dim = 2;
  // Size of each of the dimensions of the domain
  std::vector<double> brick_dim( space_dim );
  brick_dim[0] = 1.0;
  brick_dim[1] = 1.0;
  // Number of elements in each of the dimensions of the domain
  std::vector<int> elements( space_dim );
  elements[0] = 10;
  elements[1] = 10;
  // Create problem
  Teuchos::RCP<ModalProblem> testCase = Teuchos::rcp( new ModeLaplace2DQ2(Comm, brick_dim[0], elements[0], brick_dim[1], elements[1]) );
  // Get the stiffness and mass matrices
  Teuchos::RCP<Epetra_CrsMatrix> K = Teuchos::rcp( const_cast<Epetra_CrsMatrix *>(testCase->getStiffness()), false );
  Teuchos::RCP<Epetra_CrsMatrix> M = Teuchos::rcp( const_cast<Epetra_CrsMatrix *>(testCase->getMass()), false );
  // ************Construct preconditioner*************
  Teuchos::ParameterList ifpackList;

  // allocates an IFPACK factory. No data is associated
  // to this object (only method Create()).
  Ifpack Factory;

  // create the preconditioner. For valid PrecType values,
  // please check the documentation
  std::string PrecType = "ICT"; // incomplete Cholesky
  int OverlapLevel = 0; // must be >= 0. If Comm.NumProc() == 1,
                        // it is ignored.

  Teuchos::RCP<Ifpack_Preconditioner> Prec = Teuchos::rcp( Factory.Create(PrecType, &*K, OverlapLevel) );
  assert(Prec != Teuchos::null);

  // specify parameters for ICT
  ifpackList.set("fact: drop tolerance", 1e-4);
  ifpackList.set("fact: ict level-of-fill", 0.);
  // the combine mode is on the following:
  // "Add", "Zero", "Insert", "InsertAdd", "Average", "AbsMax"
  // Their meaning is as defined in file Epetra_CombineMode.h
  ifpackList.set("schwarz: combine mode", "Add");
  // sets the parameters

  // initialize the preconditioner. At this point the matrix must
  // have been FillComplete()'d, but actual values are ignored.

  // Builds the preconditioners, by looking for the values of
  // the matrix.

  // Set up Belos Block CG operator for inner iteration
  int blockSize = 3; // block size used by linear solver and eigensolver [ not required to be the same ]
  int maxits = K->NumGlobalRows(); // maximum number of iterations to run
  // Create the Belos::LinearProblem
  Teuchos::RCP<Belos::LinearProblem<double,Epetra_MultiVector,Epetra_Operator> > 
    My_LP = Teuchos::rcp( new Belos::LinearProblem<double,Epetra_MultiVector,Epetra_Operator>() );
  My_LP->setOperator( K );

  // Create the Belos preconditioned operator from the Ifpack preconditioner.
  // NOTE:  This is necessary because Belos expects an operator to apply the 
  //        preconditioner with Apply() NOT ApplyInverse().
  Teuchos::RCP<Epetra_Operator> belosPrec = Teuchos::rcp( new Epetra_InvOperator( Prec.get() ) );
  My_LP->setLeftPrec( belosPrec );
  // Create the ParameterList for the Belos Operator
  Teuchos::RCP<Teuchos::ParameterList> My_List = Teuchos::rcp( new Teuchos::ParameterList() );
  My_List->set( "Solver", "BlockCG" );
  My_List->set( "Maximum Iterations", maxits );
  My_List->set( "Block Size", 1 );
  My_List->set( "Convergence Tolerance", 1e-12 );
  // Create the Belos::EpetraOperator
  Teuchos::RCP<Belos::EpetraOperator> BelosOp = 
    Teuchos::rcp( new Belos::EpetraOperator( My_LP, My_List ));
  // ************************************
  // Start the block Arnoldi iteration
  // ************************************
  //  Variables used for the Block Arnoldi Method
  double tol = 1.0e-8;
  int nev = 10;
  int numBlocks = 3*nev/blockSize;
  int maxRestarts = 5;
  //int step = 5;
  std::string which = "LM";
  int verbosity = Anasazi::Errors + Anasazi::Warnings + Anasazi::FinalSummary;
  // Create parameter list to pass into solver
  Teuchos::ParameterList MyPL;
  MyPL.set( "Verbosity", verbosity );
  MyPL.set( "Which", which );
  MyPL.set( "Block Size", blockSize );
  MyPL.set( "Num Blocks", numBlocks );
  MyPL.set( "Maximum Restarts", maxRestarts );
  MyPL.set( "Convergence Tolerance", tol );
  //MyPL.set( "Step Size", step );
  typedef Epetra_MultiVector MV;
  typedef Epetra_Operator OP;
  typedef Anasazi::MultiVecTraits<double, MV> MVT;
  typedef Anasazi::OperatorTraits<double, MV, OP> OPT;
  // Create an Epetra_MultiVector for an initial vector to start the solver.
  // Note:  This needs to have the same number of columns as the blocksize.
  Teuchos::RCP<Epetra_MultiVector> ivec = Teuchos::rcp( new Epetra_MultiVector(K->Map(), blockSize) );
  MVT::MvRandom( *ivec );
  // Call the ctor that calls the petra ctor for a matrix
  Teuchos::RCP<Anasazi::EpetraGenOp> Aop = Teuchos::rcp( new Anasazi::EpetraGenOp(BelosOp, M, false) );
  Teuchos::RCP<Anasazi::BasicEigenproblem<double,MV,OP> > MyProblem = 
    Teuchos::rcp( new Anasazi::BasicEigenproblem<double,MV,OP>(Aop, M, ivec) );
  // Inform the eigenproblem that the matrix pencil (K,M) is symmetric
  // Set the number of eigenvalues requested 
  MyProblem->setNEV( nev );

  // Inform the eigenproblem that you are finished passing it information
  bool boolret = MyProblem->setProblem();
  if (boolret != true) {
    if (MyPID == 0) {
      cout << "Anasazi::BasicEigenproblem::setProblem() returned with error." << endl;
#ifdef HAVE_MPI
    MPI_Finalize() ;
    return -1;
  // Initialize the Block Arnoldi solver
  Anasazi::BlockKrylovSchurSolMgr<double, MV, OP> MySolverMgr(MyProblem, MyPL);

  // Solve the problem to the specified tolerances or length
  Anasazi::ReturnType returnCode = MySolverMgr.solve();
  if (returnCode != Anasazi::Converged && MyPID==0) {
    cout << "Anasazi::EigensolverMgr::solve() returned unconverged." << endl;

  // Get the eigenvalues and eigenvectors from the eigenproblem
  Anasazi::Eigensolution<double,MV> sol = MyProblem->getSolution();
  std::vector<Anasazi::Value<double> > evals = sol.Evals;
  Teuchos::RCP<MV> evecs = sol.Evecs;
  int numev = sol.numVecs;

  if (numev > 0) {

    Teuchos::SerialDenseMatrix<int,double> dmatr(numev,numev);
    Epetra_MultiVector tempvec(K->Map(), MVT::GetNumberVecs( *evecs ));
    OPT::Apply( *K, *evecs, tempvec );
    MVT::MvTransMv( 1.0, tempvec, *evecs, dmatr );
    if (MyPID==0) {
      double compeval = 0.0;
      cout.setf(std::ios_base::right, std::ios_base::adjustfield);
      cout<<"Actual Eigenvalues (obtained by Rayleigh quotient) : "<<endl;
      cout<<std::setw(16)<<"Real Part"
        <<std::setw(16)<<"Rayleigh Error"<<endl;
      for (i=0; i<numev; i++) {
        compeval = dmatr(i,i);


  return 0;
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